RECONSTRUÇÃO FACIAL FORENSE DIGITAL: UMA REVISÃO SOBRE O EMPREGO DA TÉCNICA

Larissa Marceli Lemes Paris, Deisy Satie Moritsugui, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff Melani

Resumo


A Reconstrução Facial Forense (RFF) é uma técnica auxiliar de identificação, aplicável quando o cadáver se encontra irreconhecível em razão do estado de decomposição, carbonização ou mutilação, e pode ser realizada de forma manual ou digital. Os métodos digitais fazem uso de recursos computacionais para aproximar a aparência em vida da face do cadáver. O desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias nas áreas da imaginologia e tecnologia da informação tem permitido o aperfeiçoamento da técnica da reconstrução facial digital. O propósito deste artigo é fornecer uma visão geral do método digital de RFF, destacando a evolução do método, as vantagens e algumas limitações relacionadas ao emprego dessa técnica. A RFF digital, por meio de recursos de tecnologia da informação, permite que sejam realizados ajustes virtuais, sendo possível avaliar cada etapa da reconstrução durante o processo, corrigindo eventuais erros e produzindo diversas variações para uma mesma face, visando a facilitar um possível reconhecimento.

Palavras-chave


Odontologia Legal; Reconstrução facial forense; Antropologia

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Referências


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